indus valley civilization important points

Published by on November 13, 2020

[18] [19] दोस्तों अगर आप विभिन्न exam की तैयारी कर रहे हैं जैसे – UPSC, CGL, MTS,CHSL, SBI, IBPS, AIRFORCE, and Other Banking Exams etc तो आप इस जानकारी को बिना समय गवाए एक बार ध्यान से पढ़ ले, क्यों की यहाँ से आपकी आगामी परीक्षा में अवश्य प्रशन पूछे जाते हैं |. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley civilization. [3] [29] Image source: NCERT. The people of Indus valley civilization developed techniques and tools to measure the length, weight and time with impressively high accuracy. It appears that the people of the Indus Valley Civilization did not have horses but did possess and use bronze/stone tools ( UCLA: Social Sciences ). Rights Reserved. The origin of the 'Swastika' symbol can be traced to the Indus Civilization. (2012), the slow southward migration of the monsoons across Asia initially allowed the Indus Valley villages to develop by taming the floods of the Indus and its tributaries. General knowledge is a section of each SSC Exam in which indus valley Topic Comes. [18] Built around 2600 BCE, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world's earliest major urban settlements, contemporaneous with the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. [3] For pottery chiefly red clay was turned into fast lathe, glazed and ornamented with black bands with figurines of birds, animals and geometric designs. Although there is no incontrovertible proof that this was indeed the case, the distribution of Indus-type artifacts on the Oman peninsula, on Bahrain and in southern Mesopotamia makes it plausible that a series of maritime stages linked the Indus Valley and the Gulf region." 1. Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and other Indus Valley cities had a level of architectural planning that was unparalleled in the ancient world. [15] (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The decline of the Indus Valley Civilization began when the River Saraswati began to dry up and climate changes started happening. It is widely believed that most of the inhabitants of Indus Valley cities were tradespeople and artisans. Compare with the very different interpretations in Possehl, Gregory L. (2002), The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective, Rowman Altamira, pp.237-245, ISBN 978-0-7591-0172-2, and Michael Staubwasser et al., "Climate Change at the 4.2 ka BP Termination of the Indus Valley Civilization and Holocene South Asian Monsoon Variability," GRL 30 (2003), 1425. All kinds of artefacts have been found in the Indus Valley cities: seals, glazed beads, pottery, gold jewellery, and anatomically detailed figurines in terra-cotta, bronze, and soapstone. Harappan script has not been deciphered yet. Weights and measures of accuracy existed in Harappan culture (found at Lothal). Scroll down to learn about the history of Indus valley civilization. From the beginning for 4th Millennium BC Individuality of early village culture began to be replaced by more Homogeneous Style of existence. Ancient History/Indian subcontinent/Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilization was an urban civilization from 3300-1300 BCE that covered most of present-day Pakistan and northwest India. 14. [1] Canal irrigation was NOT practiced in this civilization. In terms of geographic area, Indus Valley Civilization was the largest among the four ancient civilizations of the world namely, Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China. [19] [28] [15] [15] There is no clarity on the political organization of the Harappans. Iron was NOT known to the people of Indus valley. The Eastern-most site of Indus civilization - Alamgirpur (Hindon)/Uttar pradesh. Earlier studies (prior to 1980) often assumed that food production was imported to the Indus Valley by a single linguistic group ("Aryans") and/or from a single area. This migration originated in what was historically termed Elam in south-west Iran to the Indus valley, and may have been associated with the spread of Dravidian languages from south-west Iran (Quintan-Murci et al., 2001)." Indus Valley Civilization Points You Should Know About For Exams. But overlap of letters on some of the potsheds from Kalibangan show that the writing was boystrophedon (from right to left) and from left to right in alternate lines. Cow, Horse and Lion were not Known to Indus people. Iron was NOT known to the people of Indus valley. The iconography of the artifacts from the Indus Valley region often depict quite anatomically correct animals and human figures. [27]. Several periodisations are employed for the periodisation of the IVC. 18. [17] Mohenjo Daro sat beneath the soil for thousands of years, a preserved relic of the ancient Indus Valley civilization. Also brick built dockyard has been found at Lothal. [18] There are some foolish and utterly stupid people out there who think that the Mythical Aryan Invasion was the cause of decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. There also must have existed a theatrical tradition in the Indus valley cities, but of this we have no literary numismatic or any other material proof. Points to remember about Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley civilization, once located in what is today Pakistan, was founded about 3300 BCE, reached its peak around 2500 BCE, and flourished until about 1900 BCE, when it began to decline. Mohenjodaro is the largest site of Indus Civilization. [27] Also, give the functions of Plasma membrane. The cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation had "social hierarchies, their writing system, their large planned cities and their long-distance trade mark them to archaeologists as a full-fledged 'civilisation.'" The Northern-most site Ropar (Sutlej)/Punjab (Earlier), Manda (Chenab)/Jammu-Kashmir (currently). Harappans knew mining, Metal work and the art of constructing well-planned buildings. [16] [27] Economics: 1. [1] [18] [6] Indus valley civilization was doing great in overall human development for hundreds of years, but around 1800 BCE signs of gradual decline began to occur. If you  want to some question Related to Indus Valley Civilization According to some scholars, deline of trade, particularly ocenic trade with Summerians, must have contributed partly to the decline. [10] He is Surrounded by four animals elephant, tiger rhino, and buffalo, each facing a different direction a two deers appear at his feet. [6] The first recorded note of the discovery of Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) was made in an 1842 book by James Lewis. Stone symbols of lingam (male sex organ) and yoni (Female sex organ), Great granary (the largest building of civilization), Steatite image of bearded man depicting a priest king, 1398 seals (57% of total seals of civilization), Shell-ornament makers and bead –maker shops, Double burial (burying a male and female in a single grave), Toy plough, clay figures of mother Goddess were found here, A unique water harnessing system and storm water drainage system, A large well and bath (giant water reservoirs), It is the only site  to be divided into 3 parts, Largest Harappan inscription used for civic purposes. The chief Female deity was Mother Goddess who has been depicted in various forms. The Indus Civilization (also referred to as the Indus Valley Civilization) was active on the Indian subcontinent from roughly 2500-1700 bce, according to the Encyclopædia Britannica. Those scientists have identified a Pre-Harappan Civilization which started 1000 years before Indus Valley Civilization properly started. [27] The most striking difference between Indus Valley and other civilizations is no evidence of an army and a lack of substantial amount of weapons to wage war. [18] Important Features of Indus Valley Civilization: Indus Valley Civilization MCQ PDF Download. In terms of lifestyle, the Indus Valley Civilization relied on irrigated agriculture. The people also knew about spinning as is proved by the presence of large number of spindle wheels. The cause of the decline and collapse of Indus Valley Civilization in 2nd Century BC is not known yet. Ancient History/Indian subcontinent/Indus Valley Civilization. [6] The religion and belief system of the Indus Valley people have received considerable attention, especially from the view of identifying precursors to deities and religious practices of Indian religions that later developed in the area.

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