myzus persicae host plants

Published by on November 13, 2020, Frago E, Mala M, Weldegergis BT, Yang C, McLean A, Godfray HCJ, Gols R, Dicke M (2017) Symbionts protect aphids from parasitic wasps by attenuating herbivore-induced plant volatiles. Although high-throughput sequencing techniques have been used by many studies to investigate the bacterial communities of specific aphid groups [22, 23] and community changes within some aphid species [24, 25], the symbiont diversity of most aphid species remains unknown or poorly characterized. Aphids are known to be associated with a variety of symbiotic bacteria. 2b). 0000006316 00000 n The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is an important agricultural pest with a wide range of host plants. Please check for further notifications by email. The distances among sampling sites were calculated with Geographic Distance Matrix Generator v1.2.3 [43]. Thanks to all collectors for sample collections. In both choice and no-choice tests, A. gifuensis produced most offspring and their offspring were most female-biased on sweet pepper. (2013). In addition to the primary endosymbiont, aphids also carry a variety of secondary or facultative symbionts that are not required for aphid survival or reproduction but may confer fitness benefits., Liu XD, Lei HX, Chen FF (2019) Infection pattern and negative effects of a facultative endosymbiont on its insect host are environment-dependent. 0000046217 00000 n, Monnin D, Jackson R, Kiers ET, Bunker M, Ellers J, Henry LM (2020) Parallel evolution in the integration of a co-obligate aphid symbiosis. In a survey study by Henry et al. See also. Wolbachia was the most prevalent secondary symbiont (infection frequency: 53/92), followed by Rickettsia (15/92), Arsenophonus (15/92), S. symbiotica (15/92), and R. insecticola (12/92) (Table 1). However, the female age-stage-specific fecundity fx,female was not found to be closely related to the R0 value, which indicated that the net reproductive rate of a population is associated with the adult number and the total offspring but not the adult age or the daily fecundity. All DNA extracts were stored at − 20 °C. In this study, the high abundance of Rickettsia was host-plant specific, suggesting that Rickettsia may have positive effects on the C. sonchifolium-feeding aphid populations. Its populations seldom reach densities sufficient to cause noticeable crop injury by sap feeding. 0000009708 00000 n 0000127703 00000 n The abundances of secondary symbionts were low relative to Buchnera, with average relative abundances across all samples far below 1%, except that of Rickettsia (1.59%) (Table 1). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 0000128345 00000 n Kanle Satishchandra, N., A. K. Chakravarthy, M. S. Ozgökçe, and R. Atlihan. 0000020195 00000 n PCR amplification was performed using the following thermocycling program: a 5-min initial denaturation at 95 °C followed by 15 cycles of 1 min at 95 °C, 1 min at 50 °C, and 1 min at 72 °C, and a final elongation for 7 min at 72 °C. In addition, M. persicae is an important vector of many plant viruses. 0000021763 00000 n Ast, Asteraceae; Bra, Brassicaceae; Ros, Rosaceae; Oth, other plant families; BJ, Beijing; NX, Ningxia; QH1, Qinghai1; SX1, Shaanxi1; XJ2, Xinjiang2; XJ4, Xinjiang4; XJ6, Xinjiang6. Nat Methods 10:57–59., Ferrari J, West JA, Via S, Godfray HCJ (2012) Population genetic structure and secondary symbionts in host-associated populations of the pea aphid complex. and J.C. wrote the manuscript and all authors contributed to revisions. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. However, spatial variation in the two geographic groups occurring on Asteraceae was only observed in the NMDS plot (Fig. The bacterial communities of M. persicae were dominated by the phylum Proteobacteria (average relative abundance across all samples: 96.83%), with other phyla accounting for less than 1% (Table S3). Where suitable host plants cannot persist, the aphid overwinters in the egg stage on Prunus spp. Individual aphid species generally exhibit symbiont variation at the population level. Google Scholar, Oliver KM, Russell JA, Moran NA, Hunter MS (2003) Facultative bacterial symbionts in aphids confer resistance to parasitic wasps. b Secondary symbiont communities. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V., Najar-Rodríguez AJ, McGraw EA, Mensah RK, Pittman GW, Walter GH (2009) The microbial flora of Aphis gossypii: patterns across host plants and geographical space. Figure S2. We thank Dr. Hsin Chi (National Chung Hsing University, China) for technical assistance. a Seven geographic groups (n ≥ 3). 0000002796 00000 n Host Plants, Pamitoids and Hyperparasitoids of Green Peach Aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hornoptem: Aphididae) in the neighburhood of Bogor and Cimjur (West Java). 0000011359 00000 n 0000128194 00000 n The raw reads with an average quality score below 20 in a 50-bp sliding window were trimmed using Trimmomatic v0.33 [33], and reads shorter than 300 bp were removed. 3f) but a high abundance of Rickettsia (LSD: P < 0.05; Fig. [27], only three of 50 individual M. persicae were shown to be infected with H. defensa, R. insecticola, or S. symbiotica. 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