james 4:9 explanation

Published by on November 13, 2020

James isn"t arguing for a gloomy view of life, but there are times when laughter is inappropriate (Ecclesiastes 7:3; Ecclesiastes 3:3-4). New International Dictionary of NT Theology. It is more for the evil that is in sin—than the evil which follows after sin. You have recorded each one in your book' (Ps 56:8-note). (NLT - Tyndale House), Phillips: As you come close to God you should be deeply sorry, you should be grieved, you should even be in tears. Are we willing to turn from it? Compare James 5:1. "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". Broadman Press 1932,33. 1986. 9. The sin of their inconsistency (James 4:17) (Hiebert - James Commentary), James 4:9 Be miserable and mourn and weep; let your laughter be turned into mourning and your joy to gloom. He exchanges the portion of my people; How He removes it from me! A child of God weeps that he is sometimes overcome by the prevalence of corruption. Ezra mourning over the unfaithfulness of the exiles in marrying foreign women. Our tears won't be in vain. The other words in this clause are those which are expressive of deep grief or sorrow. Now it is obvious that it is not every species of mourning which is here referred to. The dove is a weeping creature. We must take heed of adjourning our repentance, and putting it off until death. Indeed, an outflow of tears is a healthy sign that one is broken over their sin. Other sources say the root word is talas = suffering, wretched. The next duty we are exhorted to by the apostle, is a deep humiliation, and a voluntary affliction of our souls before God for sin, and upon the account of any calamity, either on ourselves or others. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/james-4.html. How far from being godly are those who scarcely ever shed a tear for sin! "Commentary on James 4:9". (John 20:13). Trapp says that pentheo here in James 4:9 speaks of a "funeral grief" which is not a bad thought considering the fact that sin kills our fellowship with God! BibliographyConstable, Thomas. It means casting down the eyes. If you have wronged another, cleanse your hands by restitution. Thomas Watson a great Puritan writer adds that…, Sin must have tears. With Ezekiel we will search out faithful believers “who sigh and groan over all the abominations which are being committed” around us (Ezek. The deceitful man is occupied with generalities. Repenting tears are comforting. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". Oil makes the face shine (Ps 104:15). They will deceive and be unclean. Wait God's leisure, and the promise shall surely be fulfilled; the world looketh upon humility as the way to contempt, but God pronounces it the way to honour; before honour is humility. 2. with downcast eye, perhaps from κατά and φάος, but deriv. (Brown, Colin, Editor. The questions exposing the source (James 4:1) 1999-2014. James 4:9. ταλαιπωρήσατε: ἅπ. So Mark 16:10; Luke 6:25, etc. We can be tempted to make light of our sins. That is deeper, nobler mourning far. Ps 51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; A broken and a contrite (English = bruised, brokenhearted for sin, deeply affected with grief and sorrow for having offended God; humble) heart, O God, Thou wilt not despise. Weymouth: Afflict yourselves and mourn and weep aloud; let your laughter be turned into grief, and your gladness into shame. See a similar instance in Isaiah 22:12-13. Blessed are all such! Not surprisingly, pentheo is often connected with the term "weep" and it describes the mourning which cannot be hidden. 9. If he could get rid of sin, there would be some comfort—but he cannot shake off this viper! That aid is not withheld in the hour of need; and everywhere the Bible commands sinners to believe and repent. 'They have taken away my Lord!' You have collected all my tears in your bottle. Klaio - 40x in 34v in the NT and is always translated weep(18), weeping(18), wept(4) -. We should experience more ‘godly grief’ of Christian penitence (Stott, J. A godly man's sorrow has these three qualifications: (a) Godly sorrow is INWARD. Somebody said, “If you want to know whether a man’s life is made up of frivolous or serious things, watch what he laughs at.” If the Christian has to look at the same things as the worldly and unconverted people in order to laugh, then there is something radically wrong with his Christianity. Then laughter is to be taken as signifying the flattering with which the ungodly deceive themselves, while they are infatuated by the sweetness of their sins and forget the judgment of God. 'He tore his clothes and put sackcloth on his flesh, and went softly' (1Ki 21:27). v, 4), even the promised comfort of God. O let Thy presence set me free. But blessed be God, it is written, “Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and seta mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof” (Ezek. While we carry the fire of sin about with us—we must carry the water of tears to quench it! BibliographyBeza, Theodore. When David had sinned, he steeped his soul in the brinish tears of repentance. The demanded reversal relates to their past sinful pleasures. 'You broke the heads of the monster in the waters.' (cp Jas 4:8-note). heaviness — literally, “falling of the countenance,” casting down of the eyes. And who can describe the measure of Christ’s eternal comfort? All rights reserved). John R. W. Stott spoke of the value of mourning when he said that. How oft my roving thoughts depart, Christ calls his spouse his "dove" (Song 2:14). katepheia. There are 13 uses of talaiporeo in the Septuagint (LXX) (Where we have meanings such as to endure distress, suffer misery, be in ruin, to trouble of afflict someone). let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness: feelings which are more appropriate for the occasion. (MacArthur, J: Matthew 1-7 Chicago: Moody Press), Pastor Phil Newton also has some practical thoughts on how mourning functions (or should function) in a person's life…. The repetition of καί is an expression of emotion; ταλαιπωρεῖν] in the N. T. ἅπ. III. 1999. God has so made us that we should feel sorrow when we are conscious that we have done wrong, and it is appropriate that we should do so. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/james-4.html. If our mourning is godly we will grieve for the sins of fellow believers and for the sins of the world. (Amplified Bible - Lockman). Jeremiah 4:13 "Behold, he goes up like clouds, And his chariots like the whirlwind; His horses are swifter than eagles. The entrance into the Kingdom is through the panging pains of repentance crashing into a man’s respectable goodness; then the Holy Ghost, Who produces these agonies, begins the formation of the Son of God in the life. "It describes the sense of wretchedness and misery that sinning should produce in the lives of those who have been redeemed….It is obvious that James is calling for genuine repentance, not some casual apology or mild expression of regret" (Kent pp. 1801-1803. of the Twelve Patriarchs, Jos. 'I have done this evil!'       A.            b. But this “mourning” is by no means to be confined unto the initial experience of conviction and contrition, for observe the tense of the verb (in Mt 5:4 - mourn = pentheo in the present tense): it is not “have mourned,” but “mourn”—a present and continuous experience. They should reverse all of such false grounds of gratification, after which they will have something real and lasting in which to take joy. (9) Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep.—For wretchedness, sorrow, and tears are the three steps of the homeward way to peace and God. Note that the verb indicates that it is something done to them to which they are now to respond. Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom. Among the Greeks the verb and noun (penthos) were used especially for public mourning. "Commentary on James 4:9".            a. By proclaiming such signs the OT prophets warned of sudden catastrophe that the people of Israel had brought on themselves by their indifference to the poor and therefore to God Himself! He had sackcloth but no sorrow. ), for they shall be comforted. Proverbs 14:13 τελευταῖα δὲ χαρὰ (al. It can betray as well by a tear—as by a kiss. A sinner's mirth turns to melancholy. It is a "pricking at the heart" (Acts 2:37). (See complete sermon Matthew 5:4:The Blessing of Mourning) (Bolding added), Spurgeon describes the vital role of a contrite spirit in mourning writing that this man is…, the man that feels his sin and hates it, that mourns that he should have rebelled against God, and desires to find mercy. 12:10). BibliographyAlford, Henry. Has wandered from the Lord,

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