black history timeline printable
Thirty four people are killed and one thousand are injured in the five day confrontation. The Sweet family is represented at their trial by Clarence Darrow and acquitted of the charge. On June 24, Mary McLeod Bethune is named Director of the Division of Negro Affairs, the National Youth Administration. Russell Simmons forms Def Jam Records in Harlem. The Fort Pillow Massacre takes place in West Tennessee on April 12. He becomes the second African American elected to the Senate from that state and only the fifth black senator in U.S. history. With the Democratic takeover of both the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate in the November mid-term elections, for the first time in U.S. history four African American members of Congress chair full committees in the House: Rep. John Conyers(Mi.). Two cavalry regiments, the 9th and 10th and two infantry regiments, the 24th and 25th will become the first and only units in which black soldiers can serve until the. The riot which generates 15 deaths is the worst in the nation since Detroit in 1967. In September, the Cotton Club opens in Harlem. On July 13, Congress enacts the Northwest Ordinance, which establishes formal procedures for transforming territories into states. Providing assistance to fugitive slaves is now a criminal offense. African Americans participate on the Patriot side in the earliest battles of the Revolution, Concord, Lexington and Bunker Hill. On March 2, Howard University is chartered by Congress in Washington, D.C. King Charles II of England charters the Royal African Company, which dominates the slave trade to North America for the next half century. Africans are brought to Jamestown, Virginia by Dutch traders to work as slaves. Nearly 600 black organizations are represented. Mahlon Martin becomes the first African American to head the Rockefeller Foundation. In Virginia, the enslaved African's status is clearly differentiated from the indentured servant's when colonial laws decree that enslavement is for life and is transferred to the children through the mother. On November 4, Barack Obama of Illinois, the only sitting African American U.S. Virginia enacts a new law which punishes white men and women for marrying black or Indians. South Carolina enacts its first laws regulating slave movement and behavior. On February 2 in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico cedes California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah and gives up claim to Texas at conclusion of War in exchange for $20 million. If you don’t recognize someone, look them up and do some reading! The Lewis and Clark Expedition explores newly purchased Louisiana and the Pacific Northwest. Alabama makes it illegal for enslaved or free blacks to preach. Albert William Johnson is the first African American awarded a dealership from a major automaker when he opens an Oldsmobile dealership in a predominately black neighborhood in Chicago. On March 17, David A. Paterson, is sworn in as Governor of New York upon the resignation of the prior governor, Elliott Spitzer. The message below is something we all need to remember, especially us white folks. On October 16, Maynard H. Jackson, Jr. is elected the first black mayor of Atlanta. They will be known as the Montford Point Marines. On February 8, three students at South Carolina State College in Orangeburg are killed by police in what will be known as the Orangeburg Massacre. On April 26, Mack Charles Parker is lynched near Poplarville, Mississippi. In Australia, the Guardian tracks the deaths of Indigenous Australians in custody and its wider coverage of Indigenous affairs has been widely recognised.
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