abbreviations of computer terms

Published by on November 13, 2020

STS (synchronous transport signal) JHTML (Java within HTML) PLCC (plastic leaded chip carrier) GPT (GUID partition table) Moving beyond the physical computer right in front of you, acronyms related to networking and getting online are equally numerous and diverse. SPIM (spam over instant message) FPM (fast page mode) NOBUS (Nobody But Us) LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) Fstab (file systems table) VLAN (virtual local area network) POE (point of entry or Power over Ethernet) Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing OID (object identifier) GTK (GIMP toolkit) OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) LIFO (last in, first out) Using social listening tools, monitored trending terms used by Australians on Twitter from April 1 to June 30. A type of memory that sends and receives data twice every clock cycle, and therefore is capable of twice the data transfer rate of standard SDRAM. DMA (direct memory access) PC-DOS (Personal Computer Disk operating system) MAC – This is an abbreviation for Macintosh, which is a type of personal computer made by the Apple Computer company. PRISM (Planning Tool for Resource Integration, Synchronization, and Management) DTX (discontinuous transmission) Lisp (List Processing) Net (network) RDBMS (relational database management system) DIVX (digital video express) Can also be used as an address for a virtual hard drive partition in a RAID array. CCS (call-control signaling or common command set) XPM (XP mode) ECC Memory uses a parity bit to insure that data has been transmitted correctly. FUD (fear, uncertainty, and doubt) DCC (Direct Client-to-Client) WAN (wide area network) RF (radio frequency) ADPCM (adaptive delta pulse code modulation) DACL (discretionary access control list) Cab (Cabinet file) E-911 (Enhanced 911) LSC (least significant character) NTP (Network Time Protocol) CIDR (classless inter-domain routing) SMART: Self-Monitoring Analysis And Reporting Technology. DLP (data loss prevention, data level parallelism, discrete logarithm problem, or Digital Light Processing) ODI (Open Data-Link Interface) TDM (team deathmatch) OLE (Object Linking and Embedding or OnLine English) OHCI (Open Host Controller Inferface) PDF - This represents the Portable Document Format, which displays files in a format that is ready for the web. DML (data manipulation language) SATA: Serial Advanced Technology Attachment. PSR (Problem Steps Recorder) WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) NVRAM retains its data even when the computer is powered down. OSD: On Screen Display. FUBAR (f***ed up beyond all repair, fouled up beyond all recognition, or fouled up beyond all repair) Many are concerned with the technical aspects of the computer, while others deal with personal communication. FQDN (fully qualified domain name) MOTD (message of the day) TOF (top of file) HFS (hierarchical file system) KiB (kibibyte) OSS (open-source software or operations support systems) SPI (serial peripheral interface, stateful packet inspection, or system packet interface) UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) ReFS (Resilient File System) PU (physical unit) MIR (mail in rebate) ESCD (Extended System Configuration Data) Prolog (Programming in Logic) Abend (abnormabl end) Two of the most basic components of any computer system are its operating system and data storage. RISC (reduced instruction set computer) There are literally thousands of computer abbreviations out there. NMI (nonmaskable interrupt) Transistor (transfer resistance) SO-DIMM (small outline dual in-line memory module) APT (advanced packaging tool or advanced persistent threat) ECC: Error Correction Code. ISP - The Internet Service Provider is the company which provides Internet service so you can connect your computer to the Internet. IMSI (International Mobile Subscriber Identity) IS (image stabilization, Information Services, or Information Systems) NIDS (network intrusion detection system) DVI: Digital Video Interface. A record (address record) GHz (Gigahertz) SDDL (Security Descriptor Definition Language) E-learning (electronic learning) URL (Uniform Resource Locator) CD (change directory or compact disc) NTLDR (NT loader) UTP (unshielded twisted pair) cable BIO (biography) CD-RW: Compact Disc Re-Writable. BB (broadband) LBA (large block addressing) The unique identification number of any network connection device, such as a network card or modem. OSD: On Screen Display. DBAN (Darik's Boot and Nuke) Some of these are the common ones, that even everyday folk know and use. COMDEX (Computer Dealers' Exhibition) ;-) A wink. ROM BIOS (read-only memory basic input/output system) PS/2 (Personal System/2) AS/400 (Application System/400) FDHP (Full Duplex Handshaking Protocol) BGA (ball grid array) IE (Internet Explorer) ACL (access control list) DP (DisplayPort) CCIE (Cisco Certified Internetworking Expert) VCR (video cassette recorder) EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) LG (Life's Good) CTCP (client-to-client protocol) LFN (long file name) Gib / GiB (gibibit / gibibyte) Plus (Microsoft Plus!) AS (autonomous system) WARP (Warning, Advice and Reporting Point) AGP (accelerated graphics port) PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect. SELinux (Security-Enhanced Linux) NCP (NetWare Core Protocol or Network Control Protocol) BF (Battlefield or boy friend) ISA: Industry Standard Architecture. DASP (Disk Anti-Shock Protection, Drive Active Slave Present, or Dynamic Adaptive Speculative Pre-Processor) Many acronyms reflect these basic requirements. RTOS (Real-time Operating System) 3G (3rd Generation) FRU (field-replacable unit) ICT (information and communications technology or International Computers and Tabulators) BYTE - A byte is a storage unit for data. RADSL (rate-adaptive DSL) RVR (realm vs. realm) ADSI (Active Directory Service Interface or analog display service interface) It consists of information that is necessary for the system or component to operate, which is usually called an "instruction set." NLS (online system) AMOLED (active-matrix organic light-emitting diode) Sim (simulation) PCM (pulse-code modulation) GIS (Geographic Information System) DDS (Digital Data Storage) UTF (Unicode Transformation Format) NVRAM: Non-Volatile Random Access Memory. OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer. WMI (Windows Management Instrumentation) NaN (not a number) DLC (Data Link Control, digital loop carrier, or downloadable content) WGA (Windows Genuine Advantage) Abbreviation. LFD (Login Failure Daemon) GPU: Graphics Processing Unit. Vs (versus or Visual Studio) NCSA (National Center for Supercomputing Applications) SEO - This is an acronym for Search Engine Optimization. Coil (electromagnetic coil) UUID (universal unique identifier) NIC: Network Interface Card. LAN: Local Area Network. Often used for indicator lights, panel lights, and to illuminate LED computer monitors. POSIX (Portable operating system interface for Unix) GIMP (GNU image manipulation program) OMR (optical mark reading) You can record on a CD-R multiple times, but the remaining space will be reduced by whatever's already occupying space on the disk. JRE (Java Runtime Environment) PVP (Player vs. RAID - A type of storage that can be configured in different ways to provide a redundant copy of files, RAID stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks. CLSID (class ID) CD-R: Compact Disc Recordable.

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